A person who incurs a serious head injury may suffer what is referred to as an acute subdural hematoma. This occurs when blood collects between the dura or covering of the brain and the surface of the brain. It may result in the rapid brain bleeding that leads to suppression of the brain tissue. If this is not corrected, it is possible that a patient could suffer from brain damage or die.
More common in elderly patients, an individual may suffer from a chronic subdural hematoma. This occurs when small veins between the surface of the brain and the covering of the brain stretch and allow blood to collect. This type of subdural hematoma is more common in elderly patients due to brain atrophy, and it may take several days or weeks before symptoms present themselves.
While most subdural hematomas occur due to head injuries, they can also occur for other reasons. Those who have a history of alcohol abuse, are on blood thinners or experienced a fall at any point in their lives could suffer from such a condition. Individuals who experience poor blood clotting may also be more susceptible to bleeding in the brain. Furthermore, those who are very old or very young may experience the condition simply because of their age.
A person who suffers a brain injury such as a concussion may wish to pursue legal action against the person who caused it. In some cases, the liable party may be a property owner who did not fix conditions that may have led to the injury. An attorney may be able to help an injured victim pursue compensation for medical bills and lost wages. Lost future earnings and pain and suffering may also be the types of damages sought in a personal injury lawsuit against the responsible party.